Climate Modelling References


  • American Institute of Physics (AIP) -- Physics Publications and Resources. (2002-2013). General Circulation Models of the Atmosphere. The American Institute of Physics -- Physics Publications and Resources. Retrieved August 18, 2013, from http://www.aip.org/history/climate/GCM
  • Boé, J., A. Hall, and X. Qu, 2009. September sea-ice cover in the Arctic Ocean projected to vanish by 2100, Nature Geoscience Letters, published online 15 March 2009, DOI: 10.1038/NGEO467.
  • Flanner, M., Shell, K., Barlage, M., Perovich, D., & Tschudi, M. (2011). Radiative forcing and albedo feedback from the Northern Hemisphere cryosphere between 1979 and 2008. Nature Geoscience, 4. Retrieved August 20, 2013, from http://www.nature.com
  • Fletcher, C.G, H. Zhao, P. J. Kushner, and R. Fernandes, 2012. Using models and satellite observations to evaluate the strength of snow albedo feedback, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, D11117, DOI:10.1029/2012JD017724
  • IPCC, 2013: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 1535 pp.
  • IPCC-TGICA, 2007: General Guidelines on the Use of Scenario Data for Climate Impact and Adaptation Assessment. Version 2. Prepared by T.R. Carter on behalf of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Task Group on Data and Scenario Support for Impact and Climate Assessment, 66 pp.
  • IPCC, 2007. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA, 996 pp.
  • Lawrence, D., K. Oleson, M. Flanner, C. Fletcher, P. Lawrence, S. Levis, S. Swenson, and G. Bonan, 2012. The CCSM4 land simulation, 1850-2005: Assessment of surface climate and new capabilities, Journal of Climate, 25(7), pp. 2240-2260, DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00103.1.
  • Meinshausen, Malte, et al. "The RCP greenhouse gas concentrations and their extensions from 1765 to 2300." Climatic change 109.1-2 (2011): 213-241.
  • National Geographic. (2013). Climate Milestone: Earth’s CO2 Level Passes 400 ppm. National Geographic Daily News. Retrieved August 20, 2013, from news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2013/05/130510-earth-co2-milestone-400-ppm/
  • Randall, D., & Wood, R. (2007). Chapter 8: Climate Models and Their Evaluation. Climate Change 2007: Working Group I: The Physical Science Basis (pp. 591-648). International : IPCC.
  • University of Pennsylvania. (2013). Penn Engineering - ENIAC: Celebrating Penn Engineering History. Penn Engineering - Welcome to the School of Engineering and Applied Science (SEAS). Retrieved August 25, 2013, from http://www.seas.upenn.edu/about-seas/eniac/
  • Qu, X., and A. Hall, 2007. What controls the strength of snow-albedo feedback? Journal of Climate, 20(15), 3971–3981, DOI:10.1175/JCLI4186.1
  • Stroeve, J. et al., 2007. Arctic sea ice decline: Faster than forecast. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L09501.